Workshop on Safety and Security of Intelligent Vehicles (SSIV)
InfoSec Conference Summary
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Over the last years, aerial and ground vehicles as well as mobile robot systems have been receiving an increased number of electronic components, connected through wireless networks and running embedded software. This strong integration between dedicated computing devices, the physical environment, composes a Cyber-Physical System (CPS). CPS have thus become part of common vehicles, accessible to everyone, such as automobiles or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). Furthermore, as processing power increases and software becomes more sophisticated, these vehicles gain the ability to perform complex operations, becoming more autonomous, efficient, adaptable, comfortable, safe and usable. These are known as Intelligent Vehicles (IV).
UAVs are now providing a flexible support for performing missions, which makes it possible to deploy and move them around in scenarios where accessibility was difficult or impossible, through the connection to sensor networks capable of monitoring a wide range of applications. Automobiles are able to offer active safety, adaptive cruise control, park assistance, automatic climate control, navigation support and, in a near future, vehicle to vehicle communication. With networking capabilities, the myriad of devices inside the vehicles become part of the IoT (Internet of Things) world.
These systems are classified as critical, once failure events may cause the loss of human lives or high-value assets, meaning that safety is one of the main concerns for developers and users. However, the combination of high mobility and wireless communications has further increased the exposure of such systems to malicious threats and to faults deriving from uncertain connectivity or communication timeliness. Non-functional requirements like security and real-time operation have thus become harder to fulfil, creating new challenges to these safety-critical embedded systems. The environment of humans will continue to evolve to interactive IoT that is going to include mobile (flying, driving, floating, rolling, diving, walking, etc) objects that raises numerous challenging issues. Observing the current trend in the development in self-driving cars, one can only infer that artificial intelligence (through machine learning) is going to play a crucial role in future intelligent vehicle. However, the complexity of such algorithms decreases their level of trust and integrating them in critical systems is a far-reaching research issue. Although advanced hardware components like multi-core processors, GPUs, or FPGAs are a formidable opportunity to deploy complex functionalities in intelligent vehicle, they raise new challenges for certification, verification of real-time properties, safety, and security.
This will be the fourth edition of the workshop, aiming at continuing the success of previous editions. The vast range of open challenges to achieve Safety and Security in Intelligent Vehicles (with or without connection with the Internet) is a fundamental reason that justifies the numerous research initiatives and wide discussion on these matters, which we are currently observing everywhere. Therefore, the workshop will keep its focus on exploring the challenges and interdependencies between security, real-time, safety and certification, which emerge when introducing networked, autonomous and cooperative functionalities. SSIV aims at joining together in an active debate, researchers and practitioners from several communities, namely dependability and security, real-time and embedded systems, intelligent transportation and mobile robot systems.